Out now at Population Research and Policy Review with Christina Diaz (UArizona), “When Size Matters: IV Estimates of Sibship Size on Educational Attainment in the U.S.” (pre-print version). We use multiple (twin) birth events as natural experiments to detect sibship size effects on older siblings. We don’t find much until the addition of a fifth sibling.
UA Sociology Statement on Black Lives Matter
The School of Sociology at the University of Arizona condemns the white supremacy, institutionalized racism, and state-sanctioned violence responsible for the murders of Ahmaud Arbery, Breonna Taylor, George Floyd, Dion Johnson, Tony McDade, Rayshard Brooks, and thousands of other Black people, Indigenous people, and people of color. Black lives matter.
In a new article in Sociology of Education (free pre-print version here), I look at the old idea that education “breaks the link” between people’s socioeconomic background as children and their own prospects as adults.
I find that this link (the intergenerational income elasticity) is strongest—and that intergenerational economic mobility is lowest—among high school dropouts. This means that, for those from disadvantaged backgrounds, the usual penalty for dropping out is compounded by the fact that their lack of family-based resources matters more than it would if they earned a degree. Conversely, dropouts from advantaged backgrounds can use their family-based resources to compensate for the lack of a degree.
Earning a high school degree or more seems to weaken these family background effects.
And I thought busing was pretty much dead politically…
POTUS, when asked if he sees busing as a viable way to integrate schools:
TRUMP: Well, that’s something that they’ve done for a long period of time. You know, there aren’t that many ways you’re going to get people to schools. So this is something that’s been done. In some cases, it’s been done with a hammer instead of a velvet glove. And, you know, that’s part of it. But this has been certainly a thing that’s been used over the — I think if Vice President Biden had answered the question somewhat differently, it would have been a different result. Because they really did hit him hard on that one. But it is certainly a primary method of getting people to schools.
Desegregation advocates have an opening. Busing: how else are we going to get people to schools?
New evidence about how educational inequality is transmitted from grandparents to parents to children. Read in Social Forces.
New article with Yongjun (Josh) Zhang. How does school segregation change as students age? How has it changed over time? How has it changed as new cohorts replace older ones? Read in Demography